This article basically includes all about an Introduction to Psychology, Its History, and Role in Human Life. Psychology is basically the “Study of Mind” or “Science of Mind”.
The article “Introduction to Psychology” is basically the primer that has been written to provide significant material by which we can understand the human condition and their mentality and influence my readers and motivate them to persist on learning.
PSYCHOLOGY AS AN APPLIED SCIENCE:
Psychology is an applied science by which we can solve the practical problems of humans.
Now I will describe 10 solid reasons which will prove that yes “Psychology is a science”.
- It forecasts and understands the behavior of human nature.
- It figures out how to use and understand the data.
- It checks the validity of demands about human behavior.
- It knows how memory and learning process works or function.
- It has wisdom into ambiguous behaviors.
- It tests the capacity to accommodate the change.
- It understands and works energetically through proper networks of organizations.
- Handles tough situations in many stressful environments.
- Starts and accomplish projects with lesser experience and information.
- It shows stamina in tough situations.
Now proceeding towards the definition of psychology, if we give a look at the history of psychology, many people have different definitions of psychology in accordance with their mindset.
HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY:
1: WILHELM WUNDT:
In 1879, a person named Wilhelm Wundt opened up an institution of psychology in Germany at University of Leipzig.
This was the first ever institution committed to psychology.
Wilhelm Wundt is considered as the “Father of Psychology”.
According to him:
“Psychology is an inspection of person’s feelings, thoughts and expressions and person’s willpower”.
2: RUDOLPH GOLAK:
In 1590, he defined Psychology according to his perspective.
According to him, “Psychology is derived from two words i-e Psyche means soul and logos means knowledge”.
So he concluded that:
“Psychology is the science of the soul.”
Aristotle concluded that:
“Psychology is all about the study of the soul. According to him, life is meaningless without the soul.”
4: WILLIAM JAMES:
According to him:
“Psychology is defined as the “description and explanation of states of consciousness”.
The definition of Wilhelm Wundt was then later on rejected because of the reason that behavior was completely ignored and was given no importance.
So according to Watson’s perspective:
“Psychology is the study of human nature and behavior”.
6: ROBERT S WOOD WORNTH & NL MUNN:
According to them,
“Psychology is the scientific investigation of behavior”.
“Psychology is the science of mental activities of an organism”.
“Psychology can be defined as the study of behavior and mental processes”.
ROLE OF PSYCHOLOGY IN HUMAN LIFE:
As Psychology is an applied field. So it is applicable in different areas of life of humans.
Psychology makes us understand that how our body and mind works. It makes you learn to Better Understand Others.
So in short, Psychology is important for the survival of human beings.
In my opinion, after reading this article you might have got quite familiar with an “Introduction to Psychology Study Guide”.
We will be discussing further things regarding Psychology in upcoming articles. So keep up reading and learning.
Leave a comment if found beneficial or in case of any confusion.